How Your Septic System Works…
A septic system is a highly efficient, self contained, underground wastewater treatment system. In a septic tank, sewage from the home forms three layers – scum, liquid, and sludge (see diagram). Present code requires an aeration-type septic system for all new installations in Ohio.
The tank is designed to allow the liquid to flow out of the tank in a controlled manner to receive further treatment. The scum and sludge layers stay in the tank, as they cannot be treated the same as the liquid. In time, the scum and sludge layers thicken and the remaining liquid layer is reduced. Eventually, the scum and sludge has to be removed by pumping – this is where Bob Young Septic can help!
If pumping is not done, the scum and sludge material will be forced out of the tank with the liquid. This will damage your septic system, and you take the chance (and expenses) of having to prematurely replace the system. Annually determine the need for pumping to prevent this.
Hints For Optimal Operation of Your Septic Tank
- Know where your home sewage system is located.
- Inspect your septic system annually. Measure depth of solids (scum and sludge). When these are equal to half the depth, have your tanks pumped…or every three years – whichever comes first.
- Keep a record so you will know when to next schedule pumping your septic tank.
- For your convenience, a record chart is included on this page.
- Avoid dumping trash such as cigarette butts, disposable diapers, sanitary napkins, excess paper, and garbage grindings into the drains.
- Reduce water use by using low flow fixtures to balance flow to soil absorption ability.
- The less sewage created, the better.
What To Look For:
Call Bob Young Septic at 330-644-7603 to clean your tank. Trouble signs of malfunctioning systems may include:
- Wet spots in the lawn or any unusual plant growth near near sewage leaching system.
- Temporary backing up of sewage, especially at floor drains.
- Any unusual odors.
- Discharging off color and/or odorous sewage.
If you are experiencing any of these problems, ask the Health Department (see our footer links for the five Ohio counties we service) to inspect your septic tank system. They can recommend proper corrective measures. Don’t add septic tank ‘remedies’ to assist your tank. There is no evidence that they will restore satisfactory operation and may actually increase the problem.
The maximum life of most home sewage systems is 12 to 20 years. They then need to be rebuilt. Your County Health Department will assist you in recommending the best repair for your septic system. State law requires that the local health department inspect any sewage system installation. A Health Department Inspection Report is your best assurance that all work has properly been performed.